This week I am going to examine how best to showcase your favourite wines. To do this I will look at the various types of wine and identify when they are best served and which foods are best paired with them.
Sparkling wine can be dry or sweet, light or full-bodied. Any high quality dry sparkling wine makes an excellent aperitif. However, if appetizers are not being served along with the wine then it is best to serve one containing a lower level of acidity in order to prevent guests from having stomach irritation.
The most renowned sparkling wine is Champagne. The amount of sweetness and acidity determine whether Champagne is well suited to be served with food. Dry (Brut) Champagne can contain a significant amount of sugar which does not bode well with an appetizer such as caviar. When accompanying foods such as this, extra dry (extra brut) Champagne is recommended.
Sparkling wines are seen as a good fit for festivities and celebrations though their use need not be limited to such occasions. The only word of caution is that when opting to serve a sparkling wine as part of an event, ensure any appetizers and subsequent menu are appropriately matched.
Acidic sparkling wines can be a good choice to serve along with the main course when serving fish or seafood. Moderately spiced Asian cuisine can also be paired well with an acidic sparkling wine.
A medium dry sparkling wine can be a good choice to serve with a dessert such as a fruit tart.
Light Acidic White Wines
Light acidic white wines include Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Chablis, Alsace, Mosel, Muscadet and Grüner Veltliner.
Wines in this category have a sharpness that is fresh and fruity but a light taste and aroma. The alcohol level is generally 12% or less.
Since these wines have a relatively high level of acidity, they go very well with fish, both heavy and oily fish, such as salmon, as well as light delicate fish such as sole. Any white meat and poultry, and creamy soups and most salads pair well with these wines.
Sauvignon Blanc goes well with sushi and fresh herbs such as mint, basil, tarragon, and cilantro. Riesling, on the other hand is best suited with fruity side dishes.
Full-Bodied, Wood-Aged Whites
Typical full-bodied, wood-aged whites include Chardonnay, Semillon, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris and Grenache Blanc.
These white wines that have been aged in oak barrels will generally have an alcohol content of 13% or more, and a complex flavour. These wines will have a high tannin content generated from being aged in the oak.
The acidity levels in these wines will be at a moderate level. The wine will be full-bodied, even at a young age and many will have good potential for bottle aging.
Because of the high level of alcohol these wines don’t pair well with fish. They tend to make fish taste oily. Salty and spicy foods should be avoided as well. Shellfish on the other hand can be complimented by these wines.
Dishes containing cream and butter are good choices to serve with a full-bodied, wood-aged white.
Highly Aromatic Whites
Highly aromatic white wines including Gewürztraminer, Muscat and Viognier have luxurious, exotic and fragrant aromas. These wines generally have high alcohol content and low acidity.
The aromatic characteristics of these wines limit the type of food they should accompany. The delicate flavours of oysters, white fish, veal and subtle sauces should be avoided. Distinctively sour foods should also be avoided.
To be paired with one of these wines, food needs to have richness and either be a little sweet or have a fairly high fat content. Foods that are mildly spicy, a little salty, or have a smoky taste, would also pair well. Ethnic, fusion, Thai, or even Tex-Mex cooking will go well with these wines. Also strong flavoured cheeses are a good match. Exotic fruits such as mango, papaya or guava will go particularly well with a Gewürztraminer.
Young, Light, Fruity Reds
Examples of young, light, fruity reds are Gamay, Beaujolais, Dolcetto, Bardolino, and Valpolicella. Such wines are ideal to serve alongside simple dishes. Particularly well suited are foods with a relatively high fat content, such as braised meats, sausages, ragouts, stews, and dishes accompanied by butter or cream sauces. They also pair well with pizza or spaghetti Bolognese. Fried or grilled seafood is also well complimented with one of these wines.
Rosé wine can be substituted in place of any of the reds in this group.
Spicy, Silky Reds
Wines that are considered as spicy, silky reds include Pinot Noir, Sangiovese, Grenache, Pinotage, and Chianti. The tannin content in these wines will be lower than those found in varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah.
Foods that include sauces made with cream, butter or egg yolks should be avoided. Foods to be paired with these wines include young fresh vegetables and fresh herbs, as well as lean meats. Pizza can also pair well, especially with Chianti.
A fruity Pinot Noir is well suited to serve with Asian inspired foods.
Luxurious Velvety Reds
Merlot, Zinfandel and St. Laurent wines are included in this category. These wines are fairly universal and are appropriate for most occasions and time of the year. The acidity level of these wines tends to be low. The sweet fruitiness of these wines goes well with similarly structured dishes that are not overly heavy.
Zinfandel wines are often reminiscent of jam and match well to seasoned foods.
Tannic Rich Reds
Tannic rich red wines include Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Tannat, Mourvèdre, Tempranillo, many Bordeauxs, Northern Rhône wines, Rioja, Australian Shiraz, Barolo, and Barbaresco. These wines have a high tannin and alcohol content (generally 13% or more). When pairing with food it is important to avoid those containing milk fats such as butter or cream. These foods will make the alcohol taste particularly strong.
Salty foods should also be avoided as the high alcohol level will create a bitter taste in the wine.
Tannic rich reds are well suited with burgers, beef burritos, ribs and other red meat dishes.
Mature wines are generally those wines that have aged beyond what is considered to be the typical age for consumption. Mature wines will be those that have both a high tannin content and a high alcohol level.
Wines well suited for aging include whites such as oaked Chardonnay and some German Rieslings, as well as reds such as Barolo, Barbaresco, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bordeaux and Syrah.
Generally speaking, aged wines, red or white, are best served on their own without food accompaniment. Both the bouquet and flavour are too subtle to be lost serving them with food. The texture, taste, and aroma of the wine become more delicate with each year it is aged. If you do serve these wines with food be sure to avoid fatty, strong smelling, acidic, sweet, or spicy dishes.
Order is Important
Whenever serving wine there are some general principles that will help ensure you have an enjoyable experience.
Be sure to serve light, fresh ones ahead of luxurious alcohol-rich ones. Wines aged in wood barrels are best served after those that have matured in a stainless steel container. The sweeter the wine the closer it should be served toward the end of the meal. Finally, bottle-matured wine should be served before an equally good younger wine.